Public sector is the job sector that is actively controlled by the state and state authorities. The job opportunities provided by the government are covered under this broad category. These jobs are in the public policy sector, IT, communications or any other field. These jobs are government regulated and reflect upon the employment sector of the country. These jobs also give an insight on the job market generated by the government. These jobs are well paid but these jobs are the first ones to go as job cuts come in. These jobs pay well when they exist but when they go the laying off is not a good sight to see. Jobs in UK don’t see such drastic fluctuations but when they do it’s a sad state of affairs to see jobs go by the bulk. The public sector jobs are the first ones to face the brunt of fluctuations in the economy. The change in the rates of a country’s economy directly shows itself on the public sector.
In UK the public sector constitutes a sizeable employer of people. In 2010 on an all time high UK employed 6.1 million of its people in the public sector. This constitutes nearly around 20% of the total workforce of UK. The government of UK has started to cut down on fiscal expenditures on and by public sector recently to cut down on public expenses. As part of cutting down expenses the government is taking measures to cut down on public spending. It is important here to mention the difference between the public and private sector which lies in the control. The funding is also a very important matter here. The public sector is financed by the government whereas the private sector as the name suggests, is privately financed. This includes teachers in schools, doctors and nurses. There are still further categories among the public sector mainly the public sector organizations and general public. Now the difference between these two is that the public sector organization is ‘part of the economic market’ whereas the government is not. The government can further be divided into two further parts local and central government.
In 2010 the public sector faced the most of inductions till date in UK. The inductions have fallen by 300,000 as cuts have arisen to stop departmental spending. This trend does not stop here and further lying off is expected in the day to come. The government of UK has introduced a new policy that levies cuts on the spending in public sector less than half. The pay of the public sector makes up around half of the general government expenditure as of 2012. The careers in public sector have had to see a fall in face of the economy wide inflation which will bring down the public sector postings down by 20.8% by 2017. The public sector jobs have been seeing a decline since a long time now. The sectors like IT and public policy have also started to see a drop as public sector posts are declining. The jobs available in public sector are in the divisions where the government is willing to spend without spending. These departments are police, defense and public administration. IT is an emerging sector where the government is exercising its spending very carefully. There is expected a new turn in public sector jobs and availabilities as new technologies emerge. Public sector graduate jobs have taken a turn and as new subjects emerge so does the public sector. This new trend is not being very highly welcomed by the UK government as this will add more the public sector bill for the government as the government does not want any more spending. The education sector and the NHS constituted the majority of graduate level public sector jobs for quite a long while from as early as 1970s. The education sector grew from then on and so did the NHS so this constituted the majority part of government spending. During this period the health and social security, police and HM forces constituted majorly not a major chunk of the public sector. The public corporations declined during this period and their spending declined with them. This happened because most of the public corporations were being privatized. In 2010 the graduate level openings in the public policy administration dropped by a 12%. Looking at the upcoming trends the public workforce would have shrunk by 1.1 million as compared to 2010. There is no denying the fact that the public sector has grown immensely since the 1960s but it has also seen many cuts in the budget. The nature of jobs has also shifted from being solely NHS and education to being from IT and public policy. The new trend has been welcomed by the government of UK but that does not mean that it is not subjected to cuts levied on all public sector jobs as a whole. As these jobs are made to provide relief to the people so they need to be proportionate to the population. The effects of these cuts and laying off of jobs also depends on the private sector as to how these individuals can move to the private sector both in the region and the country alike. The public sector of London is growing more rapidly than its shrinking so that is somewhat pleasant news for the people of UK.
The drop in local level IT and public policy jobs is not only linked to the public sector spending but is also linked to productivity. The UK also has a productivity challenge and they produce less than what their counterparts in Germany, France and US and this gap continues to grow since the financial crises. The government of UK has been working it make its public sector more productive by making it more dynamic, concise and efficient especially in the new fields of IT and public policy. The local government’s job postings are more centered on these jobs. To make the public sector more productive and less costly the government has decided to hold trainings to enhance confidence and efficiency of the public servants. This will polish the selected public sector servants and will help in achieving more with the limited work force. The public sector of UK needs people who are adaptable and are willing to put their work before themselves. The public sector employee needs to be engaged in a better way to make them more optimistic about departmental success. The employees who come in relatively new departments like the IT, Software and Public policy department are more confused about their goals and expectations. This leads to a distorted outcome and the public sector of UK cannot afford to lag behind when it already has levied so many cuts on public spending. It’s a fact that UK had to face a severe backlash when the public spending was made public and also cuts were levied on public bill. The public sector servants now need to be assured that their career will not go to the dogs in the name of costing cuts. The public servants in IT, public policy and graduate level inductions need to be made clear and need to be given incentives that make them give their best. This is producing countless opportunities in the private sector especially in the same new fields of IT and public policy. The experts say that the fall in public sector postings will decrease and so will its need as the private sector is stepping in where the public sector is lagging. The IT specialist have speculated that as public sector shrinks the need for IT services increase and this need will be fulfilled by the private sector. This trend whoever will pose a burden on the government but there is no way out. Similarly the policy administration departments are being privatized rapidly and are becoming more costly. This, the experts speculate, is moving towards another strict inflation. The need of the hour is for the government to regulate it privatizing laws. The rapid privatization will incur negative impacts on its economy for the days to come. The public sector’s suffering is being translated into private sector’s growth especially in transport, leisure and telecoms. Since It is the new technology and so is the need for public policy these two categories will thrive in the private sector. The public sector is investing in public policy and IT whatever little it is investing. This is good to see as the government decides to bring its departments up to date with current technology. The UK government needs to regulate the privatization process to prevent another economy upturn. Public sector postings by the government do exist but they also need to be given the spotlight as many enterprises fight to be privatized. The people are also looking for setting up private businesses rather than take up a public sector job as the private sector attracts foreign funding aswell.